Portraits of the deputies to the 13th NPC.

Number of NPC Deputies


A total of 2,975 NPC deputies from every ethnic group and every sector across China speak for the 1.4 billion people they represent. They are elected by the people and serve the people.
The National People's Congress (NPC), the country's top legislature, is the highest organ of state power. Every March, NPC deputies gather in the Chinese capital of Beijing from every corner of the country to discuss affairs of the state.

Who are these deputies? How old are they? Which ethnic groups do they belong to? What’s their educational background? We use 2,975 dots to represent the deputies from 35 delegations to take a look at their commonalities and individualities.

Number of NPC Deputies


Proportion of female 

deputies increased

Among the 2,975 deputies to the 13th NPC, there are 2,233 males and 742 females. That means female deputies account for 24.94 percent of the total.
This proportion has increased from 20.2 percent during the 10th NPC (2003-2008).

The female deputy's proportion since 2003

Post-60s: Backbone of NPC

Post-90s: More women than men

The average age of the 2,975 NPC deputies is 53.77.
Among others, 1,672 deputies were born in the 1960s, taking up over a half of the total. They are the backbone of China's top legislature.
Meanwhile, the younger the deputies, the more balanced the gender ratio.

The most well-represented 

ethnic group: Tatar

China is a country composed of 56 ethnic groups, and the NPC deputies are elected from all of these groups.
Among them, 2,538 are of the Han nationality, making up for 85 percent of the total. The second largest group of deputies comes from the Hui nationality with 62 deputies.
The chances of a person becoming an NPC deputy can also depend on which ethnicity he/she hails from. For the Tatar people, one in every 3,600 is an NPC deputy, making it the most represented ethnic group. Ethnic Lahu sees the lowest proportion at merely 0.000206 percent, and Han comes second, with the proportion standing at one in 480,000.

Nine in 10 deputies hold a 

bachelor's degree or above

NPC deputies determine where China's major policies are headed. Their educational background speaks to their capacity to govern and legislate. We have figures on the educational backgrounds of 2,198 deputies. 88.5 percent of the deputies possess a bachelor's degree or above.Those with a master's degree make up the largest percentage (836). PhDs come second (584).
Among deputies with master's and doctoral degrees, 911 were born in the 1960s. Meanwhile, the younger the deputies, the lower the proportion of those with master’s and doctoral degrees.
Among those born in the 1960s, there's one master or PhD in every two deputies. While among those born in the 1980s, the proportion is only 10 percent.
In fact, the aforementioned proportions are much higher than those in the 2010 national population census. Take the post-1960s for example: in 2010, China had 230 million people from the post-1960s generation, among which there are 65,000 masters and PhDs – or one in 3,532.

Liberal arts grads outnumber science grads 

Most popular major is management science

Liberal arts grads outnumber 

science grads, most popular major

is management science

What about the professional backgrounds of the NPC deputies? According to the categories of majors by China's Ministry of Education, management science, philosophy, literature, history, education, art, economics, law and military science belong to the humanities and social sciences; while science, engineering, agriculture, and medical science are natural sciences.
When looking at the highest degrees of the 1,777 deputies we have data for, 1,165 majored in the liberal arts, twice the number of science majors (612).
Specifically, one fifth graduated from management science, followed by engineering, economics, law and science.
Moreover, 122 deputies received overseas education.

Most Educated Party: 

Jiusan Society

Most Educated Party

Jiusan Society

Out of the total 2,975 deputies from 35 delegations, 2,172 are members of the Communist Party of China (CPC), 423 have no affiliation to any party, and 380 are from non-CPC parties.
The Jiusan Society holds the largest number of deputies amid the eight non-CPC parties. 64 of its members are scattered across 25 delegations. It also boasts the highest ratio of members with higher education: 84 percent of its members hold masters and PhDs.



Supervisor: Jiang Heping

Managing Director: Zhang Shilei

Chief Editor: Chen Ran

Producer: Wen Yaru

Editors: Wang Xiaonan, Xia Jixuan, Henry Zheng

Product and technology director: Li Jian

Technology Support: Zhang Dongbo, Guo Chang, Jiao Bin

Academic Support:

Fang Jie, Associate Professor, School of Journalism, Renmin University

Zhang Guang, Professor, School of Public Affairs, Xiamen University

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