Kipchoge, who finished a special marathon in Vienna in one hour, 59 minutes and 40 seconds that will not be recognized for world record purposes, was also nominated for his London Marathon course record.
Ten winners from the recent world athletics championships in Doha are also under consideration for the global honor: America's Donovan Brazier (800m), Christian Coleman (100m), Sam Kendricks (pole vault), Noah Lyles (200m) and Christian Taylor (triple jump), Uganda's Joshua Cheptegei (10,000m, world cross-country title), Kenya's Timothy Cheruyiot (1,500m), Bahamas' Steven Gardiner (400m), Sweden's Daniel Stahl (discus throw) and Norway's Karsten Warholm (400m hurdles).
Female nominees will be announced on Tuesday.
Fans may vote online on the IAAF's social media platforms.
Athletes of the year will be announced live on stage at the World Athletics Awards 2019 in November.