The landmark Paris Agreement – aimed at combating global climate change and enabling a sustainable low-carbon future – came into force in late 2016.
Hailed at the time as being "historic, durable and ambitious," parties started signing up to the accord in their droves, promising to meet their commitments on cutting greenhouse gas emissions. But since the United States decided to pull out, it's been found that other nations are off track in meeting their promises to fight climate change. But there are others who have kept their word, and China is among them.
During the UN Climate Action Summit this September, China co-chaired the Nature-based Solutions Initiative with New Zealand, promising a world in which man and nature could live in harmony.
As the special representative for President Xi Jinping, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi reaffirmed China's dedication to combating climate change in his speech.
"China will earnestly fulfill its obligations under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Paris Agreement and achieve the target of voluntary contributions as scheduled." said the foreign minister.
The country's commitment and efforts have produced progress. The country's carbon-emissions-per-GDP-unit in 2018 dropped by nearly 46 percent from levels in 2005. That already surpassed the 40 to 45 percent goal set for 2020.
The share of non-fossil fuels in primary energy consumption climbed to 14.3 percent, almost reaching the target of 15 percent.
China has been the biggest contributor in terms of global greening and forest resource growth. In 2017, over seven million hectares of new forests were planted. Forest coverage reached nearly 23 percent, and forest stock volume increased 45 billion cubic meters compared to 2005 levels.
As part of the Paris Agreement, developed nations were supposed to generate 100 billion U.S. dollars in climate finance to help developing countries tackle global warming. The reality is, though, there is a huge gap between the words and actions.
For this year's UN Climate Change Conference, China's top environmentalists expect much more from developed countries.
"We aim to complete negotiations on the remaining issues in implementing the Paris Agreement. We will also urge developed countries to bridge the gap and fulfill their commitments in terms of climate funding and cutting emissions," said Zhao Yingmin, vice minister of Ministry of Ecology and Environment.
This year's Emission Gap Report released by United Nations Environment Programme said all nations must fulfill their commitment in Paris, or it might be too late stop the global warming.