Another black Monday as coronavirus response upends Wall Street
The New York Stock Exchange shortly after the opening bell in New York, U.S., March 16, 2020. /Reuters

The New York Stock Exchange shortly after the opening bell in New York, U.S., March 16, 2020. /Reuters

Wall Street suffered its biggest drop since the crash of 1987 on Monday after unprecedented steps taken by the Federal Reserve, lawmakers and the White House to slow the spread and blunt the economic hit of the coronavirus failed to restore order to markets.

The S&P 500 tumbled by 12 percent, closing at its lowest level since December 2018, despite the Fed's surprise move late Sunday to cut interest rates to near zero, its second emergency rate cut in less than two weeks and ahead of a scheduled policy meeting on Tuesday and Wednesday.

It was the third-largest daily percentage drop on record, beaten only by the 1987 "Black Monday" rout and the crash of October 1929.

It heightened alarm about the rapid spread of the pandemic and how it has paralyzed parts of the global economy and squeezed company revenue.

Investors appear increasingly worried about how effectively policymakers will be able to mitigate the economic damage from the spreading virus.

Stocks fell further late in the session as U.S. President Donald Trump urged Americans to halt most social activities for 15 days and not congregate in groups larger than 10 people, in a bold, new effort to reduce the spread of the coronavirus in the United States.

"There's nothing that can really give us a sense of when the full extent of the virus' impact will be known," said Jeffrey Kleintop, chief global investment strategist at Charles Schwab.

Trump also said the United States may be heading into a recession.

Most market watchers at this point are bracing for the likelihood that the economy is headed for a recession, but they said it is too early to know the full extent of the economic downturn.

Investors also are not yet convinced that all the rushed, panicked responses are gaining traction.

Bars, restaurants, theaters and movie houses in New York and Los Angeles were ordered shut, and U.S. states pleaded with the Trump administration to coordinate a national response to the outbreak.

Nike, Under Armour and others said they would close stores in the United States and some other markets.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 2,997.1 points, or 12.93 percent, to 20,188.52; while the S&P 500 lost 324.89 points, or 11.98 percent, to 2,386.13. The Nasdaq Composite dropped 970.28 points, or 12.32 percent, to 6,904.59.

The S&P 500 lost 2.69 trillion U.S. dollars in market capitalization for the day, according to S&P Dow Jones Indices, and the index is down 29.5 percent from its record high close on February 19 and has lost 8.28 trillion U.S. dollars in that time, based on S&P Dow Jones data.

Trading on Wall Street's three main stock indexes was halted for 15 minutes, shortly after the open as the S&P 500 index plunged by eight percent, crossing the seven-percent threshold that triggers an automatic cutout.

The real estate sector was the weakest out of the S&P 500's 11 major sectors with a 16.5-percent dive, which was its deepest one-day percentage drop since 2009. The smallest loser was consumer staples which sank by seven percent on the day.

The technology sector fell by 13.9 percent, which was a record one-day decline for the sector that was the biggest driver of the bull market.

The Cboe Volatility Index, known as "Wall Street's fear gauge," ended the session at 82.69, its highest-ever closing level.

Jim Paulsen, chief investment strategist at the Leuthold Group in Minneapolis, speaking of the VIX, said the market was in "full panic mode."

"Until comfort returns, panic kind of dies down, I think we are going to continue to have big moves," he said.

Despite the intense volatility, the markets should stay open, the head of the U.S. securities regulator said, quashing speculation that the government might shut down the country's exchanges to stop the plunge in stock prices.

Lance Pan, director of investment research and strategy at Capital Advisors group in Newton Massachusetts, said that he was trying to calm clients on Monday and noted the extra problems people were having from working from home.

"We're flying blind and traders, even though they talk to each other, they may not see the body language, they have kids with them," he said.

Some 16.37 billion shares changed hands on U.S. exchanges compared with the 13.51-billion average for the last 20 sessions.

Declining issues outnumbered advancing ones on the NYSE by a 14.68-to-1 ratio; on Nasdaq, an 11.64-to-1 ratio favored decliners.

The S&P 500 posted no new 52-week highs and 341 new lows; the Nasdaq Composite recorded three new highs and 1,477 new lows.

Source(s): Reuters