No One Left Behind : How does poverty alleviation work in China?
Our standard for poverty alleviation reflects changes in people’s concept. We think that poverty is not only measured by income, or from the consumption perspective. We introduced multi dimensions. The standard of income is set to ensure the basic living needs of rural poor populations are met. The three guarantees on education, medical services (and housing) emphasize human development.
In China, we have targeted poverty alleviation. Its purpose is to offer tailored solutions to lift people out of poverty. For people with healthcare issues, undoubtedly, we need to help them with treatment in the first place, to restore health, or to contain the development of chronic illness. For people who have slipped back to poverty due to illness, we must address their health issues before anything else. Health issues top capacity training, industry development, and employment opportunities.
A major component of our battle against poverty is East-West cooperation pairings. That is, pairing-off cooperation between China's more developed eastern regions and less developed western regions, under the guidance of the central government. This involves industrial cooperation, human resource exchanges, financial assistance, and tapping into the potential of the western regions’ rich labor force. Each year, the central government evaluates the performance of the pairing-cooperation.