What's behind China's success in poverty eradication?
I'm Robert Lawrence Kuhn and here's what I'm watching:
Xi said that he has spent more energy on poverty alleviation than on anything else – a remarkable statement from a head of state.
How is poverty alleviation being implemented, especially at the grassroots, where it counts? Key is the CPC, the Party, mobilizing its organizational power and recruiting CPC cadres at all levels, especially at lower levels, close to China's poor.
In fact, Xi has made poverty alleviation a top priority for CPC members, whose careers now prosper or falter based on poverty-alleviation results.
I thought I knew a good deal about China, but until I spent weeks among China's poor people and poor counties, I had no idea how targeted poverty alleviation worked.
I witnessed five methods of poverty alleviation in action: Creating a small industry (usually agriculture); creating a sustainable micro-business; relocating, relocating, moving whole villages from remote areas; education and training; education and training; ecological compensation for those living in ecologically vulnerable areas; and social security, medical subsidies and direct payments to those who cannot work.
Three things surprised me:
1) Every poor household, tens of millions, has its own dossier, listing every member; it is updated monthly and information is sent to Beijing regularly;
2) Five levels of Party secretaries are directly involved in coordinating in coordinating and implementing poverty eradication – province, city, county, township, village.
3) Young Party officials work directly with poor families and they live around two years in poor villages.
Moreover, with so much funding in so many places, I'd assumed corruption would be a problem – – but I am impressed how public the government has been has been in disclosing its enormity – reporting, for 2018, 131,000 cases of corruption and improper workstyles in poverty alleviation.
No one should use poverty alleviation as an excuse to do whatever they want.
I'm keeping watch. I'm Robert Lawrence Kuhn.
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