Graphics: China's chief justice and top prosecutor work reports
China's chief justice and top prosecutor have both delivered their annual reports on Monday at a plenary meeting of the fourth session of the 13th National People's Congress (NPC) in Beijing.
Reports from the Supreme People's Court (SPC) and the Supreme People's Procuratorate (SPP) illustrate the work they have done in the past year and prioritize tasks they will carry out in the year ahead.
Takeaways from the SPC's report
In 2020, the SPC accepted almost 40,000 cases with over 35,000 cases concluded; while local courts across the country handled over 30 million cases in total, and concluded more than 28.7 million cases, according to the report.
Among the cases enforced and concluded by people's courts last year, civil and commercial cases account for the biggest part, which is followed by criminal cases and administrative cases.
Amid the COVID-19 pandemic, the SPC has worked with other departments to release a number of guidelines concerning COVID-19-related crimes, such as non-compliance with COVID-19 prevention and control regulations, disrupting orders of hospitals and medical systems. The court concluded 5,474 criminal cases related to the pandemic, involving 6,443 people.
Courts live-streamed 11.6 million trials in persistent efforts to enhance judicial openness, the report said. A total of 120 million written judgments had been made available on the official website China Judgments Online.
Takeaways from the SPP's report
People's procuratorates at all levels handled over 3 million cases, marking a 19.4 percent year-on-year decrease.
In the past year, procuratorates handled over 151,000 cases of public interest litigations. Around half of those litigations are related to ecological environment and resource protection.
As the Civil Code of the People's Republic of China came into force earlier this year, it brings special rules applicable to certain torts. The first environment pollution case was judged under the regulations imposing the enterprise with punitive damages.
The SPP's report also highlighted the first case of a suspect being charged with violating the law on defaming martyrs' honor and reputation. The clause was added to the Criminal Law in a supplementary regulation that came into effect on March 1.
Editors: Hu Xuechen, Zhao Hong, Hu Yiwei, Pan Zhaoyi
Graphics designer: Du Chenxin, Li Yueyun, Feng Yuan