Since the 18th Communist Party of China (CPC) National Congress in 2012, the CPC has made anti-corruption an important part of its efforts to comprehensively govern the Party with strict discipline. According to the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of the CPC and the National Supervisory Commission, in 2020, disciplinary inspection commissions and supervision agencies across the country investigated about 618,000 corruption cases. The investigations led to the punishment of 604,000 people. So, why is anti-corruption vital to China? "The Tough Question" invited Xia Lu, Ph.D., associate professor from the School of Marxism Studies at the Renmin University of China, to share his views.