China submits position paper on regulating military application of AI
A flight simulator console displayed during the 6th China Military Intelligent Technology Expo in Beijing, China, September 23, 2020. /CFP

A flight simulator console displayed during the 6th China Military Intelligent Technology Expo in Beijing, China, September 23, 2020. /CFP

China submitted its position paper on regulating the military applications of artificial intelligence (AI) to the sixth review conference of the United Nations (UN) Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons, which opened in Geneva on Monday.

The position paper is China's first proposal to regulate the military application of AI and the first of its kind under the framework of the UN Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons, according to Li Song, the Chinese Ambassador for Disarmament Affairs.

"The document focuses on important issues, such as the research and development, deployment and use of artificial intelligence for military applications, and proposes solutions on how to develop and use artificial intelligence technology in the military field," Li said.

According to the Chinese envoy, the rapid development and broad application of AI technology have profoundly changed the way people work and live, bringing "great opportunities as well as unforeseeable security challenges" to the world.

"One particular concern is the long-term impacts and potential risks of military applications of AI technology in such aspects as strategic security, rules on governance and ethics," the position paper said.

It added that AI-related security governance is a common challenge for mankind. With the wide application of AI in various fields, there are widespread concerns regarding the risks of military applications and even AI's weaponization.

"As world peace and development are confronted with multifaceted challenges, countries should embrace a vision of common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable global security, seek consensus on regulating military applications of AI through dialogue and cooperation, and establish an effective governance regime in order to prevent serious harm or even disasters caused by military applications of AI to mankind," the position paper noted.

"We need to enhance the efforts to regulate military applications of AI with a view to forestalling and managing potential risks," it said.

"Such efforts will help promote mutual trust among countries, safeguard global strategic stability, prevent arms race and alleviate humanitarian concerns. It will also contribute to building an inclusive and constructive security partnership and striving for the vision of building a community with a shared future for humankind in the AI field," it added.

Source(s): Xinhua News Agency

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