The opening meeting of the first session of the 14th National People's Congress (NPC) took place at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing on Sunday.
Premier Li Keqiang, on behalf of the State Council, delivered a government work report to the national legislature for deliberation.
Here are some highlights of the work report:
Growth target set at around 5 percent
China aims to expand its economy by around 5 percent in 2023, and set its inflation target, or increase in consumer price index (CPI), at around 3 percent.
It stabilized the economy, steadily enhanced development quality and maintained overall social stability in 2022, securing new and hard-won achievements in development, according to the report.
The country aims to create around 12 million urban jobs in 2023 and is targeting a surveyed urban unemployment rate of around 5.5 percent, according to the report, while the overall tariff level fell from 9.8 percent to 7.4 percent over the past five years.
China sets GDP growth target at around 5 percent for 2023
Tariff level falls from 9.8% to 7.4% over past 5 years
Improvements, upgrades to industrial structure
Over the past five years, China fully implemented the innovation-driven development strategy and improved and upgraded the industrial structure, according to the government work report.
China promoted the development of the real economy through innovation and continued to foster new drivers of growth, it said, the leading role of technological innovation was reinforced, a number of major sci-tech innovation projects were launched and efforts to secure breakthroughs in core technologies in key fields were stepped up.
Industries were encouraged to develop toward the medium- and high-end, and priority was given to manufacturing in the development of the real economy, and the stable performance of the industrial sector was ensured. The share of manufacturing in the economy remained largely unchanged, according to the report.
Chinese products are now of a higher quality and more competitive, the report stated.
Stabilize grain output, boost rural revitalization
China aims to stabilize grain output and advance rural revitalization this year, according to the report.
The country plans to keep total grain acreage at a stable level and launch a new drive to increase grain production capacity by 50 million tonnes, the report said, and will also invigorate the seed industry and support the development of agricultural science, technology and equipment.
The report also called for fostering rural industries with local features to create more channels for increasing rural incomes.
"Our achievements in poverty alleviation should be consolidated and expanded to prevent large-scale relapse into poverty," it added.
High-standard cropland expanded by 30.4 million hectares over past 5 years
Pursue green and low-carbon development
China strengthened environmental protection and pursued green and low-carbon development over the past five years, according to the report.
The country worked harder to prevent and control pollution, and in cities at and above the prefectural level, air quality was good or excellent on 86.5 percent of the days over the past five years, a 4-percentage-point increase, it said.
China also made steady progress in energy conservation and carbon reduction, the report stated, adding that the country worked toward the targets of peak carbon emissions and carbon neutrality with well-conceived and systematic steps.
The energy mix was further improved, with the share of clean energy in total energy consumption up from 20.8 percent to over 25 percent, it added.
Progress made in work related to Hong Kong, Macao, Taiwan
China has made fresh progress in work related to its Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan over the past five years.
The Law of the People's Republic of China on Safeguarding National Security in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region has been formulated and put into effect, and the principle that Hong Kong and Macao should be administered by patriots has been applied in these two regions, the report noted.
"We have ensured that Hong Kong has entered a new stage in which it has restored order and is set to thrive," said the report.
The central government has promoted the development of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area and supported Hong Kong and Macao in developing their economies, improving living standards, responding to COVID-19 and maintaining stability, it said.
The report added that efforts have also been made to resolutely fight separatism and interference, and to further promote the peaceful development of cross-strait relations.
China's 2023 Two Sessions: Progress made in work related to Hong Kong, Macao, Taiwan
Major-country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics has been conducted on all fronts over the past five years, according the report.
President Xi Jinping and other Party and state leaders visited many countries and attended, online or offline, many major diplomatic events, and China also hosted a number of major diplomatic events, the report noted.
"With courage and ability to stand our ground, we resolutely safeguarded China's sovereignty, security and development interests. We actively expanded global partnerships, worked to build an open world economy, safeguarded multilateralism and promoted the building of a human community with a shared future," the report said.