The elections to China's people's congresses, the country's legislatures, are the largest democratic elections in the world, with more than 1 billion voters eligible and a turnout rate of about 90 percent.
Currently, 2.77 million people serve as deputies in people's congresses nationwide. Of these, 2.62 million are at county and township levels, elected directly by up to 1.064 billion people.
Among the 2,977 deputies to the 14th National People's Congress (NPC) in March, 790, or 26.5 percent, were females, and 497, or 16.7 percent, were workers and farmers. Technical personnel accounted for 634 deputies, 21.3 percent. The deputies represent all of China's 56 ethnic groups, with 442 from ethnic minorities.
The deputies to people's congresses are fully representative of the people. They come from all regions, ethnic groups, sectors and social groups and function at national, provincial, city, county and township levels.
Deputies to people's congresses at the township and county levels are elected directly by the public. Deputies to people's congresses at the city, provincial and national levels are elected by people's congresses at the next level below. Leading officials of state organs at various levels are appointed or chosen by people's congresses at the corresponding levels.
"The system of people's congresses, an organizational form of political power compatible with the governing system of the people's democratic dictatorship, is China's fundamental political system and the ultimate approach and optimal solution to guaranteeing the people's status as masters of the country," says the white paper "China: Democracy That Works" published in December 2021.