Ancient coins bear Silk Road history of Xinjiang

From as early as 60 BC, business and trade occurred between Xiyu, or the western regions of the Han-Tang dynasties (roughly present-day Xinjiang) and Zhongyuan, a region otherwise known as the Central Plain area and the cradle of Chinese civilization. Ancient coins that circulated at the time facilitated business and trade between the west and central areas of ancient China for over two thousands of years.


People departed from Chang'an (today's Xi'an) in northwest China, the starting point of the Silk Road, and trekked thousands of miles across a vast desert area and finally arrived in the west. The booming of trade between the two areas helped to develop the influence of the well-known Silk Road, which is felt even today. 

For over two thousand years, the central governments made efforts to boost the development of Xiyu, despite the changes of dynasties. In the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC-25 AD), an institution called Xiyu Duhufu was established to exercise control over the Xiyu area.  

Though the coins were used and recast countless times throughout history, the only language that always appeared on them was Chinese. This is also a proof of the influence of the Central Plain area's culture on the Xiyu area.

Search Trends