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Graphics: China's open, globally competitive innovation ecosystem


The third plenary session of the 20th Communist Party of China Central Committee, scheduled to be held in Beijing from July 15 to 18, will focus on issues related to further comprehensively deepening reform and advancing Chinese modernization.

Over the past decade of China's innovation-driven development strategy, the country has built an open and globally competitive innovation ecosystem. China has established cooperation relationships with over 160 countries and regions.

Graphics: China's open, globally competitive innovation ecosystem

China's innovation capability has steadily improved over the past decade, with its ranking in the Global Innovation Index jumping from 29th in 2014 to 12th in 2023. It is the only middle-income economy among the top 30.

China had three of the world's top five science and technology (S&T) clusters in 2023, namely the Shenzhen-Hong Kong-Guangzhou, Beijing, and Shanghai-Suzhou clusters. The country was also home to 24 of the world's top 100 S&T clusters.

China has signed inter-governmental science and technology cooperation agreements with more than 80 Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) partners, and collaborated with BRI partners on over 1,000 research projects.

The country has set up 20 agricultural technology demonstration centers in BRI partner countries. It has set up 53 BRI laboratories in agriculture, new energy, nature and health, and 70 overseas industrial parks in BRI partner countries.

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