Chinese Terminology: Targeted poverty alleviation
By Li Shengnan
China plans to eradicate poverty by 2020. In 2013, President Xi Jinping urged officials at all levels to promote the nation's targeted poverty alleviation program.
China used to rely on sampling surveys to determine which villages or even counties could be legitimately considered "impoverished" and concentrated their efforts accordingly. When poverty was widespread and the income gap was small, such a "one-size-fits-all" approach worked very well.
But with economic growth slowing down and income gaps widening, many of the country's poor have been struggling badly, and targeted efforts are needed to address the issue.
China is now conducting a targeted poverty relief program, whereby the government has compiled a national database to better analyze the number of people living in poverty. In this way, more meaningful projects can be arranged, money for poverty alleviation reallocated more effectively and accomplishments clearly seen. 
The government is also motivating businesses, individuals, NGOs and even the military to carry out relief plans. Wealthier provinces are being designated at least one less-developed province to provide special guidance and assistance.