According to the “Toilet Revolutionary Advance Report” released by China’s National Tourism Administration, 80 percent of infectious diseases in rural areas are caused by bacteria from feces and unsanitary drinking water. There are more than 30 feces-related infectious diseases, the most common of which are dysentery, cholera, hepatitis and infectious diarrhea. Since the 18th CPC National Congress, General Secretary Xi Jinping has spent time in rural areas asking residents there what kind of toilet they use. Xi believes the toilet is more than just a necessary facility, but also a symbol of local civilization. That is why Xi is now pushing for a “toilet revolution”, upgrading China’s conveniences to build a more civilized society and improve hygiene.