President Xi is on a three-day state visit to Russia, during which he will also participate in the 23rd St. Petersburg International Economic Forum.
This is the second meeting between Xi and Putin in recent weeks since the Russian leader visited Beijing in April.
During the visit, the two leaders will attend several state events together, such as an assembly celebrating the 70th anniversary of China-Russia relations and a series of people-to-people and cultural activities, according to the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
"They will sign two important political documents and witness the signing of multiple cooperation documents," said the ministry.
Updated at 16:59 BJT.
Chinese President Xi Jinping on Wednesday arrived in Moscow for a state visit to Russia from June 5 to 7 at the invitation of Russian President Vladimir Putin.
A welcoming ceremony was held at the airport.
Xi, on behalf of the Chinese government and people, extended his greetings and wishes to the Russian government and people.
This year marks the 70th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relationship between China and Russia, Xi said, adding that bilateral comprehensive strategic partnership has become a model for world's major powers to coexist well and conduct win-win cooperation.
Xi said the two countries have firm political mutual trust, have a mature mechanism in exchanges between high levels and all areas, and have played constructive roles in safeguarding world peace and justice.
Xi said during his stay in Russia, he will exchange views with Putin on bilateral ties, practical cooperation, and major international and regional issues of common concern.
During his stay, Xi will also attend the 23rd St. Petersburg International Economic Forum (SPIEF), where he will address a plenary session and explain China's stance on sustainable development.
China's economy will have enough factors of support to maintain stable, healthy and sustainable development, President Xi told Russian media on the eve of his visit to the country.