The CPC was established with just 58 members in 1921, at a critical time in the history of China.
The CPC successfully led a revolution to ensure national independence from feudal rule and colonial aggression. In 1949, it established the People's Republic of China (PRC) and became the ruling party.
Who are the members?
The CPC had 90.59 million members with 4.61 million primary-level Party organizations as of the end of 2018. The members are from all walks of life, including workers, farmers, professionals, officials and students.
More than one-third of Party members were born in the 1980s and 1990s, and nearly half of the Party members hold junior college degrees or above. As of the end of 2018, the CPC had nearly 24.67 million female members, accounting for 27.2 percent of the total membership, compared with merely 11.9 percent in 1949. Meanwhile, the proportion of members from ethnic minority groups has grown from 2.5 percent to 7.3 percent.
What is the symbol of the Party?
According to the CPC constitution amended and adopted in 2007, the Party emblem and flag are the symbol and sign of the CPC. The emblem of the CPC is a design of sickle and hammer. The flag of the CPC is a red flag highlighted by a golden Party emblem on it. Party organizations at all levels and all Party members shall safeguard the sanctity of the Party emblem and flag.
What are the guiding thoughts of the Party?
The CPC takes Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important thought of Three Represents, the Scientific Outlook on Development, and Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era as its guide to action.
What are the strategic objectives of the Party?
The "two centenary goals" are also known as the "strategic economic and social development objectives at the new stage in the new century."
The first goal is about making China a moderately prosperous society, with the benefits felt by the more than 1 billion population by the Party's centenary. The second goal is to bring China's GDP per capita up to the level of moderately developed countries, and realize modernization by the centenary of the PRC.
What is democratic centralism?
Under the principle of democratic centralism, the election of Party congress delegates and Party committee members at all levels should reflect the will of voters. The minority should be subordinate to the majority when making decisions on any matter.
What is the CPC National Congress?
Delegates from around China gather in Beijing at the Great Hall of the People on Tiananmen Square for a week every five years, to attend the National Congress of the CPC.
The National Congress sets the tone for the development of both the Party and the country over the following five years.
The CPC's constitution was amended and adopted in 2012. According to the constitution, the congress' main purposes are:
- To receive reports from the Central Committee and Central Commission for Discipline Inspection - To discuss and decide on major questions concerning the Party - To revise the Party constitution - To elect the next Central Committee and Central Commission for Discipline Inspection.
Is the CPC part of the government?
The CPC is not part of the government. As the ruling Party, it works with eight other political parties in China to set policy guidelines and development goals. The State Council, the country's executive body, is responsible for overseeing the implementation of the policies.
But since the CPC is a huge organization, many Party members also hold positions in local and central government organizations.
What has CPC achieved?
In the 30 years since the Party’s founding, the CPC rebuilt China and its economy, laying a foundation for the country's modernization. By the end of 1978, under Deng Xiaoping's guidance, the reform and opening-up policy was adopted by the CPC, laying the foundation for four decades of fast economic and social development.
China has since adhered to the principle of socialism with Chinese characteristics, while growing into the second biggest economy in the world and lifting hundreds of millions out of poverty.