WeChat users will not face civil or criminal penalties even if the United States bans the Chinese-owned messaging app through other actions next week, the U.S. Justice Department said on Wednesday.
In August, President Donald Trump unveiled a proposed sweeping ban on U.S. transactions with Tencent, owner of the popular Chinese mainland app. The executive order, which called WeChat and Bytedance's short-video app TikTok "significant threats" to national security, followed stepped-up U.S. efforts to purge "untrusted" Chinese apps from U.S. digital networks.
Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross is set to release regulations by Sunday clarifying what WeChat transactions will be prohibited.
China's Foreign Ministry has said that it firmly opposes the U.S. ban on both companies, calling the U.S. move "blatant hegemonic acts," and vowed to defend the legitimate rights and interests of Chinese businesses. The ministry also said it supports relevant companies in taking up legal weapons to safeguard their rights and interests.
WeChat users have filed a motion in U.S. District Court in San Francisco seeking a preliminary injunction to bar the Trump administration from prohibiting the use of WeChat in the United States by individual users, businesses and groups. A hearing on the request is for Thursday.
The Justice Department responded in a filing on Wednesday that Ross does not plan to target persons or groups who only download or use WeChat to convey personal or business information and said they would not face criminal or civil penaltes.
But the department added that “use of the app for such communications could be directly or indirectly impaired through measures targeted at other transactions.”
The WeChat users who sued said the order apparently prohibits “millions of WeChat users in the United States ... from using the most popular social media space for Chinese speakers in the world.”
WeChat has been downloaded 19 million times in the United States, showed data from Sensor Tower, but in China, the app is ubiquitous as a medium for services, games and payments.