Highlights from Xi Jinping's five-day Central Asia tour
By Duan Fengyuan

Chinese President Xi Jinping wrapped up his five-day Central Asia tour on Sunday, which included two state visits, two summits, and several bilateral and trilateral meetings. Here's a quick review of what was accomplished. 

BRI cooperation

As China's good "neighbors, friends, partners and brothers," Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan are actively promoting synergy between their national development strategies and the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). 

Mapping out new plans for the future development of bilateral relations during Xi's state visits, the leaders made efforts to better translate their high-level political mutual trust into more substantial cooperation outcomes. 

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With more than 10 countries attending the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) or the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA), the leaders of the member states exchanged views on bilateral relations as well as regional and international issues of common concern. 

With discussions on such hot spots as the Iran nuclear deal, border issues, and the Afghan peace talks, these neighboring countries increased their political mutual trust and strengthened the capability in better managing differences. 

Security and development 

The "Annual Report on the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (2019)", released by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences at the beginning of June, highlighted the challenges the regional body is facing due to rising unilateralism, protectionism and terrorism against the backdrop of increasing global uncertainty and instability. 

Focusing on the challenges, the SCO member states reached agreements at the 19th SCO summit to uphold the vision for common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security, and improve its abilities in dealing with complex circumstances. 

Meanwhile, President Xi called on members of CICA, the only active Pan-Asian multilateral mechanism on security cooperation, to uphold the vision of common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security, and explore a regional security structure with Asian features to realize collective security for Asia. 

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Moreover, leaders of the Central Asian countries agreed to promote practical cooperation in military, energy, transportation, telecommunication, infrastructure and agriculture within the frameworks of the SCO and CICA.